Understanding Your Diagnosis Your doctor will do a pelvic exam and Pap test to detect any abnormal changes in the cervix. If these tests produce abnormal results, your doctor will order additional tests to help make the diagnosis. Deciding on Treatment Your treatment choices depend on your age and health and the extent of the disease. You may need surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or a combination of these. Your doctor will help determine the appropriate treatment for you. Prevention and Screening Early detection of cervical problems is the best way to prevent cervical cancer. Routine, annual pelvic examinations and Pap tests can detect precancerous conditions that often can be treated before cancer develops.