Anatomy of the Brain The brain is an important organ that controls thought, memory, emotion, touch, motor skills, vision, respiration, temperature, hunger, and every process that regulates your body. Overview of Nervous System Disorders Disorders of the nervous system include stroke, infections such as meningitis, carpal tunnel syndrome, and functional disorders such as headache and epilepsy. Neurology Neurology is the branch of medicine that is concerned with the study and treatment of disorders of the nervous system. Neurological Surgery Neurological surgery is used to treat disorders of the brain, spine, and nerves. The doctor who specializes in neurological surgery is called a neurosurgeon or neurological surgeon. Diagnostic Tests for Neurological Disorders Evaluating and diagnosing damage to the nervous system is complicated and complex. Many of the same symptoms occur in different combinations among the different disorders. Neurological Examination A neurological exam may be performed with instruments, such as lights and reflex hammers, and usually does not cause any pain to the patient. Rehabilitation for Neurological Disorders The goals of a neurological rehab program include helping the patient return to the highest level of function and independence, and improving the overall quality of life—physically, emotionally, and socially. Alzheimer's Disease Alzheimer's disease is the most common cause of dementia, a disorder in which mental functions deteriorate and break down. Medications that Can Treat Alzheimer's Disease Many people believe that Alzheimer’s disease can't be treated. The truth is that medications are available that may help slow the progression of symptoms. Helping Someone with Memory Loss In older people, it's easy to mistake memory problems for the everyday forgetfulness that some people experience as they grow older. New Hope for Alzheimer’s Disease Research is shedding light on ways to cut risk, and treatments can make life easier and more comfortable after a diagnosis. Alzheimer's Disease Quiz Find out more about this degenerative disease of the brain by taking this quiz. Parkinson's Disease (PD) Parkinson's disease is the most common form of parkinsonism, a group of motor system disorders. PD is slowly progressing and degenerative.