Contraception/Birth Control You have a lot of options when it comes to birth control. Some methods don't require a doctor's visit, but others, like oral contraceptives, are available only by prescription. Vasectomy Vasectomy is a permanent male birth control measure and a means of contraception used in many parts of the world. Safer Sex Guidelines The only safe sex is no sex, most health care providers say. But certain precautions and safe behaviors can minimize a person's risk of contracting a sexually transmitted disease. Vertebroplasty Vertebroplasty is a procedure in which a special medical-grade cement mixture is injected into a fractured vertebra Infertility Many different factors and problems can cause infertility, including problems in the female reproductive system, the male reproductive system, or a combination of the two. Infertility Risk Factors for Men and Women Age, chronic diseases, and endometriosis are common factors for women. For men, they are STDs, toxic substances at work, and cigarette smoking. Male Factor Infertility Problems with the production and maturation of sperm are the most common causes of male infertility.