Overview Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is the most common form of leukemia in adults. Your risk for getting this type of leukemia increases as you get older. Understanding Your Diagnosis In addition to a complete medical history and physical examination, your doctor will request other tests to learn more about your specific type of leukemia. Deciding on Treatment Your doctor will determine the specific course of treatment for your type of leukemia. Treatments may include chemotherapy, radiation, monoclonal antibodies, and bone marrow transplantation.