Healthy Eating During Adolescence Encourage your teen to eat three balanced meals a day, with fruits or vegetables as snacks. Metabolic Syndrome and Soft Drink Consumption Regular soft drinks contain sugar—empty calories in your diet. Sugary drinks also raise insulin levels, which causes you to put on more deep fat. Lifestyle Changes Can Help Kids Avoid Type 2 Diabetes Parents can do a lot to reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes in their kids—even if the parents already have it. Weight Management and Adolescents For overweight children 7 and older, the initial goal is to keep them from gaining more weight. Changes in eating habits and exercise are gradually introduced to trim pounds. Determining Body Mass Index for Teens Although it is not a perfect measure, BMI gives a fairly accurate assessment of how much of your teen's body is composed of fat. Whole Grains in the Teen Diet Better health for your teen could be as close as your breadbox. The more whole grains teenagers eat, the leaner they are and the less likely they are to develop diabetes. Cholesterol, LDL, HDL, and Triglycerides in Children and Adolescents The cholesterol in blood comes from two sources: the foods your teen eats and his or her liver. The liver, however, makes all of the cholesterol your teen's body needs.